The Modena Pigeon breed comes in many different colors and two main varieties, Gazzi Modena (Pied) and Schietti Modena (Non Pied or Self Colored). There is one more variety as well, known as Magnani Modena or Harlequin Modena.
Gazzi Modena Pigeon
Basic color white, head, upper throat, wings and tail are colored. The head pattern goes from the crown to the forehead and included both head and cheeks also the throat. Back of the head and neck is white. The head pattern should be drawing up the neck and should build a symmetrical shape. Colored upper back (bridge) is allowed.
Colors: Black, blue without bars, silver, pale, brown, brown shield, brown shield edges, brown marbled, hammered blue brown, copper, sulphur colored with or without bar, red, yellow, Isabel, light red shield and light yellow. These colors should be rich and shiny. Brown shield should have a brown head pattern: shield color deep brown: in brown shield with bars, chestnut brown to mahogany color. The wing butts of the blue, brown shield and brown shield edges should be dark when closed. White spots on the wing butts are attractive, but not necessary.
Schietti Modena Pigeon
One color in black, white, blue, blue without bars, silver, pale brown, copper, red, yellow, Isabel. Also, black, white brown, red and yellow bars allowed. Also, hammered blue, red, yellow, black, dark blue, red and yellow shield, brown shield, brown shield edges, brown marble, hammered blue brown, sulphur colored or without edge. The edge color is adjusted to body color. With red and yellow shields in older birds a slightly horn colored beak is allowed. With dark shields a blue tail is required.
Magnani Modena (Harlequin)
A lot of color distribution in the body feathers, the more even the better. Wings and tail not over colored.
Multicolored: Basic color dark blue or silver gray with light yellow, brown, dark blue and black splashes. The more multicolored the pattern and more even color distribution the better. The wings and tail should also be multicolored.
Faults include a long body; a narrow breast; too sloped stance; X-legs; horizontal tail station, broad tail, open tail; dropped flights; to plump or too thin neck; interrupted underline; flat skull, pointed forehead, long or thin beaks; coarse red eye cere (except for white with dark eye); excessive loose feathering and dull colors.